Example Predictions of Changes in the CCS Associated with Global Climate Change

Decreased inflow from the north and total transport in the CCS (Peterson et al. 1993) Increased intensity of upwelling, offshore transport and mesoscale activity (Bakun 1990, Hsieh and Boer 1992) Altered frequency and intensity of ENSO events (Meehl et al. 1993) Increased average sea surface temperature (1-2 deg C; Manabe et al. 1991, 1992) and increased stratification of the water column (Peterson et al. 1993)